The village more Portuguese of Portugal

MONSANTO – A GRANITE BASTION

Entrega do Galo de Prata ao Povo de Monsanto (1939)

When the delivery of the “Silver Rooster”  on  the 4th of  February 1938 in Lisbon, representatives of Monsanto´s people were welcomed by the Republic President; Marechal Óscar Fragoso Carmona, Board of Ministers President; Professor Dr. António Oliveira Salazar and some other illustrious individualities.

In 1938, António Ferro and "his" National Propaganda Secretaryship decided to give Monsanto the “Silver Rooster” that distinguished “the Most Portuguese Village” of Portugal. Located in the region of Idanha-a-Nova, Monsanto is an imposed population sculptured in the wild granite from a rock promontory that dominates the surrounding landscape. The excellent geographic location of the place turned that Saint Mountain into a privileged shelter to the most primitive peoples.
The natural fortification condition and the Neolithic axes fragments found in the mountain makes us believe that Monsanto was once a Pre-Roman village.

The proximity of old Egitânia (Idanha-a-Velha), of the road that linked Mérida to Compostela and the innumerable vestiges of Roman occupation (ceramic, coins, jewels and funerary registrations) are clear signals that the Saint Mountain had Romans, in what should have been  a "oppidum".

After the Romans came the Godos and the Arabs who left marks of their passage. Even today a lot of the ethnographic and anthropologic repository from those times still survives in people of this land. The proliferation of moor legends and traditions, like the “adufe” (traditional musical instrument which should only be played by women) survives as evidences of the presence from the Arab people in this region.

Some investigators support the Suevo-Visigothic origin thesis of the fortification, but in rigor only after the creation of the Portuguese Monarchy were defined precise chronological contours. After conclusion of the region’s reconquest to the moors, D. Afonso Henriques recognizes the strategical -military value of the fortification. Only then the King decided to reconstruct the fortification and restock Monsanto by giving it great exemptions for the 1174 charter, same one that was later confirmed by D. Sancho I (1190) and by D. Afonso II (1217).
Before giving the first charter, D. Afonso Henriques, donated the fortification to D. Gualdim Pais, Master of the Union Templar. Monsanto´s strategical importance as a defensive bastion went on growing through the centuries. The fortification was used as an advanced watching point where it was possible to sight in advance, hostile intruders into Portuguese territory. In 1510, D. Manuel raises the village population by honouring it with the permission to be able to use in his shield the celestial sphere.

The fortification unconquerbility is definitely proven in the two last occupation attempts tried by the invading armies. First one in 1658 by D. Luis de Haro (Felipe’s IV minister) and the second one in 1704 by Duke Berwick. The failure of these daring invaders dissuaded similar attempts. From then on the fortification began to loose military importance, benefiting the village’s development, which in the mean time had grown beyond the walls, forming the sub-region of S. Salvador.

In the beginning of the XIX century a violent explosion of powder in the castle’s storeroom, destroys most of the walls and the fortification. Some time after the last military garrison abandons the village, placing a stone rock in a heroic history of courage and brave defence of the Portuguese Border. It was the end a glorious period in the life of Monsanto.

Representantes do Povo de Monsanto foram a Lisboa receber o galardão de "Aldeia Mais Portuguesa" (1939) O Galo de Prata

 

MONSANTO – STONE TEMPLE

For many centuries Monsanto was carefully sculptured on top of the rocky mountain. Monsanto’s traditional houses have half the walls in granite. Monsanto “ex-libris” is the medieval fortification, with many places, doors and staircases. In 1948 the castle was classified as a National Monument.

Monsanto continues to be one of most beautiful Beira lands, celebrated by a notorious Portuguese writer: Fernando Namora, who lived and worked as a doctor in Monsanto for some years. “Scraps from the life of a Doctor” or “Stone Temple” are some of his books that deeply show the writer’s life in Monsanto.

A tourist when visiting Monsanto will certainly be intrigued with the same doubt as Cardoso Marta, when he wrote:

Rancho de raparigas de Monsanto na festa do Castelo (1939)

“In Monsanto we never know
if the house borns from
the rock or if the rocks
borns from the house”

 

MONSANTO MONUMENTS

Vista aérea do Castelo de Monsanto e da Capela de Santa MariaCASTLE
From the top of the mountain we can see the remains of what used to be a medieval fortification, with its strong walls, doors and staircases. When we enter through the “north door” (presently called “The Guards House” and where there’s a curious not yet deciphered registration) we encounter the “citadel” where still remains a templar foundation, with three arcs of five meters high. The castle has also a “false door” , a Homage Tower (medieval) and Saint Mary’s Castle Church (temple created more recently).

Igreja Românica de S.MiguelS. MIGUEL CHURCH

A Romanic temple (in ruins) made of granite rock, situated on top of the village next to the castle.
It has a beautiful axial door with perfect arc, with four archivolts where we can see animal and vegetable features.  At short distance we can also see an original Bell Tower with twin perfect arcs. In the Chapel we can also find many graves excavated in rock..

SOLDIERTOWER
A medieval watching point which was built on top of rocks and close to the castle, some parts of its vigorous walls still well preserved.

S. JOÃO CHAPEL
This Chapel used to belong to S. Miguel’s Church, today is in ruins and only has an arc, the Chapel is situated behind the Castle.

S. SALVADORCHURCH
With an old foundation, the present front-side is dated back to the XVII-VIII centuries, also from these dates are the beautiful golden altars and some other images of artistic interest. Inside the Church and very recently restored we have small but very precious Museum of Sacral Art.

ESPÍRITO SANTO CHAPEL
Dated on the XVI or XVII century is in its set of Renaissance trace. To this Chapel is endorsed on of the doors to the village, with an interesting shed.

SANTO ANTÓNIO CHAPEL
Manuelino Temple, with nice details: the door with its four archivolts; the two "batons" placed on top of a flower (one of each side of the door); the front-side oculus; the chapel-mor’s arch; the belfry.

Torre de Lucano com a réplica, em latão, do Galo de PrataLUCANO´S TOWER 

A granite harmonious and solid bell tower of the XV century. On top a copy of the silver rooster which was trophy from the famous “the most Portuguese village” competition.

S. PEDRO DE VIR-A-CORÇA CHAPEL

Built all in granite rock the chapel is situated in the village’s outskirts and is subject of some legends in the region, possibly dated on the XI century. In front of the Chapel on top of a rock, rises a magnificent belfry of Romanic trace.

ADUFEIRAS DE MONSANTO NOS EUA

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Written by RCM in 2018-07-20 15:20:04

ADUFEIRAS DE MONSANTO NOS EUA

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BOOM FESTIVAL - Albufeira de Idanha-a-Nova entre 22 e 29 de Julho

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Written by RCM in 2018-07-18 18:34:05

BOOM FESTIVAL - Albufeira de Idanha-a-Nova entre 22 e 29 de Julho

De regresso aos 150 hectares da Boomland, o Boom Festival é um evento bienal de cultura independente e sustentável que, desde 1997, se realiza durante lua cheia de Julho ou Agosto, sendo uma referência internacional. Multidisciplinar, Transgeracional e intercultural, o Boom recebeu já inúmeros prémios internacionais na área da sustentabilidade ambiental.   Segundo o major Luís Patrício, Chefe de Secção do Comando Territorial da GNR de Castelo Branco, estarão envolvidos nas operações nos dias que antecedem e durante o festival 761 militares. Operações, essas, que já arrancaram no início desta semana e que estão a ser planeadas desde o início do ano. “O Comando Territorial de Castelo Branco da Guarda Nacional Republicana garante o policiamento do evento Boom Festival 2018, entre o dia 16 e 29 de Julho de 2018, no concelho de Idanha-a-Nova e áreas envolventes, a fim de assegurar a manutenção da ordem pública, a protecção de pessoas e bens e garantir a normal regularização do trânsito”, explica o oficial, que acrescenta: “A Operação tem sido coordenada através de reuniões e/ou contactos directos com a organização do evento.”

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CAPELA NO CAMPO ESCUTISTA EM IDANHA É FINALISTA DE PRÉMIO INTERNACIONAL

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Written by RCM in 2018-07-15 11:46:44

CAPELA NO CAMPO ESCUTISTA EM IDANHA É FINALISTA DE PRÉMIO INTERNACIONAL

A Capela de Nossa Senhora de Fátima, situada em Idanha-a-Nova, no Campo Nacional de Actividades Escutistas, está entre os finalistas dos prémios internacionais de arquitectura Architizer A+. A indicação chega numa altura em que este projecto, da autoria do atelier Plano Humano Arquitectos, também figura entre os finalistas dos Prémios World Architecture Festival 2018, a atribuir em Novembro. Os Prémios Architizer A+ são promovidos a nível mundial numa plataforma online, que tem sede em Nova Iorque, e visam celebrar e divulgar a melhor arquitectura do ano. Até ao próximo dia 20 de Julho, o projecto estará a votação no site A+Awards. Os vencedores serão anunciados no dia 30 de Julho. A Capela de Nossa Senhora de Fátima está a competir em duas categorias: Religious Buildings & Memorials e Architecture +Wood. Pode votar aqui nas duas: bit.ly/capelaVOTO1 e bit.ly/capelaVOTO2 Os vencedores podem ser distinguidos em dois diferentes galardões: o Prémio do Júri, resultante das escolhas de um júri composto por nomes ilustres da área da arquitectura, do design e das artes, e o Prémio Votação Popular, resultante das escolhas do público que visita o site, numa audiência superior a 400 milhões de pessoas. A Capela de Nossa Senhora de Fátima foi inaugurada no verão de 2017 e, desde então, tem sido destacada em publicações e prémios nacionais e internacionais de design e arquitectura.

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COMUNICAÇÕES DE SEGURANÇA INTERNA NO BOOM FESTIVAL

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Written by RCM in 2018-07-13 18:11:56

COMUNICAÇÕES DE SEGURANÇA INTERNA NO BOOM FESTIVAL

A TÍTULO GRATUITO A partir de hoje as comunicações de segurança interna no Boom Festival, em Idanha-a-Nova, são asseguradas através de equipamentos instalados na Sala Técnica do Centro Emissor da Rádio Clube de Monsanto, do alto do Castelo. Mais um serviço de utilidade pública prestado pela emissora da Aldeia Mais Portuguesa.

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Portugal Ultramarathon Beira Baixa conta já com 10 nacionalidades

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Written by RCM in 2018-06-22 19:50:36

Portugal Ultramarathon Beira Baixa conta já com 10 nacionalidades

  A IV edição do desafio decorrerá de 26 a 29 de julho de 2018 O desafio que transcende os limites físicos e psicológicos de quem participa nesta aventura continua a ter reflexos além-fronteiras. Nesta IV edição do evento, de 26 a 29 de julho de 2018, estarão presentes atletas de 10 nacionalidades diferentes, sendo 60% estrangeiros. Brasil, Espanha, Luxemburgo, EUA, Argentina, Dinamarca, França, Japão são alguns dos países que compões o leque de participantes da Portugal Ultramarathon Beira Baixa 2018. Este desafio, das maiores distâncias do mundo, atravessa uma natural paisagem, percorrendo concelhos como Penamacor, Idanha-a-Nova, Vila Velha de Rodão, Proença-a-Nova, Oleiros e Castelo Branco, em Portugal. Um percurso com 281 km desenhado por trilhos florestais e pedestres, caminhos rurais e estradas de asfalto, com passagem pelo Geopark Naturtejo, castelos, Aldeias de Xisto e praias fluviais. Um duro desafio físico que os inscritos terão que concluir, guiados por GPS, no máximo em 66 horas. Inspirada na prova estadunidense Bardwater e na brasileira BR135+, a Portugal Ultramarathon relaciona-se pelas condições climatéricas similares, em que alguns locais de prova as temperaturas sobem muito facilmente acima dos 40ºC. Uma viagem de conhecimento do próprio eu e de um território! As inscrições estão a decorrer em http://horizontes.pt/2018/index.php/produto/kit-pt281/ e a participação poderá ser feita de forma individual, em dupla, tripla ou quadra.    

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